Center for Gene Regulation in Health and Disease (GRHD)

Roman Kondratov

Professor, Chair of IACUC Committee
Location: 
SR 270
Phone: 
216-523-7199

Biological clocks regulate organism physiology and behavior. The circadian clocks are one class of such clocks, which generate 24 hr rhythms in order to adapt to 24-hour light/dark cycle. It was known for years that the circadian system controls many behavioral processes such as daily locomotor activity and sleep/wake cycle. What was emerging over last years is that the circadian clock is key regulator of metabolism, cardiovascular physiology, immune and stress response systems.Our laboratory was instrumental in establishing a connection between the circadian clock and aging.


We have reported that knockout of the key circadian protein BMAL1 results in syndrome of early aging in mice - the significantly reduced life span (9 months for knockout vs. 28 months for wild type animals) and the development of multiple age-related pathologies (such as sarcopenia, osteoporosis, reduction of subcutaneous adipose tissue, decreased hair growth, cataracts, cornea inflammation, etc.).

Being a transcriptional factor, BMAL1 may orchestrate or influence many metabolic pathways in the organism. Therefore, different mechanisms may be responsible for aging and for the development of particular pathologies in BMAL1 deficient animals. Currently we have several projects related to the study the role of BMAL1 and circadian clock in the regulation of aging. One direction is study of aging associated signaling pathways such as TOR signaling pathways, Sirtuin signaling pathway and insulin-like growth factor/insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF/IGFR) pathway. All these pathways play important role in cell metabolism and proliferation and organism response to nutrients and stress. These pathways are tightly regulated and disruption of the regulation is the major determinant of aging and age-related pathologies.

Another interest of the laboratory is circadian clock dependent mechanisms of dietary restriction. Dietary restriction and calorie restriction particularly is one of the most powerful interventions, which extend longevity in different organisms including mammals. We found that calorie restriction significantly affect circadian rhythms in gene expression and that functional circadian clock is necessary for lifespan extension by calorie restriction.
    
Stem cell homeostasis is implicated in the control of aging. We are concentrated on circadian clock mechanisms in mesenchymal stem cells and, specifically, on the role of clock proteins in osteoblast differentiation. This research will help to establish involvement of the circadian clock in such age associated pathology as osteoporosis. 

  • Volha Mezhnina
    Vloha Mezhnina, PhD
    Research Fellow
    Location: 
    SR271
  • Oghogho Patrick Ebeigbe
    Oghogho Patrick Ebeigbe
    Graduate Student
    Location: 
    SR271
    o.ebeigbe@vikes.csuohio.edu
  • Artem Astafev
    Artem Astafev
    Graduate Student
    Location: 
    SR271
  • Makayla Dillon
    Makayla Dillon
    Graduate Student
  • Jonathan Fritz
    Graduate Student
    Location: 
    SR271
  • Sonal Patel
    Alumni, PhD Student 2010-2016, Currently Research Scientist
    Location: 
    SR271
  • William Samsa
    PhD Student, 2010-2016, Currently Research Associate Cleveland Clinic
    Location: 
    SR271
  • Nikkhil Velingkaar
    Alumni, Ph student 2012-2019, Currently Director Research and Developlment
    Location: 
    SR271
    216-523-7199
  • Yuliya Dubrovsky
    Alumni. Research Technician 2007-2013, Current position Occupational Therapist
    Location: 
    SR271
  • Rohini Khapre
    Alumni, PhD Student 2009 - 2014, Currently postdoc fellow at Cleveland Clinic
    Location: 
    SR271
  • Kuldeep Makwana
    PhD student 2013-2018, Currently Research Associate Cedar Sinay Hospital
  • Amol Chaudhari
    PhD student, Currently Research Scientist
  • Richa (Gupta) Tulsian
    PhD student 2013-2018, Research Scientist

Selected publications (in chronological order)  

Peer-reviewed articles:

  1. Kondratov R.V*., Kondratova A.A., Gorbacheva V.Y., Vykhovanets O.V. and Antoch M.P.  Early aging and age-related pathologies in mice deficient in BMAL1, the core component of the circadian clock. (2006) Genes and Development, 20(14), 1868-1873
  2. Kondratov R.V. A role of the circadian system and circadian proteins in aging. (2007) Ageing Research Review, 6(1), 12-27
  3. Kondratova A.A. & Kondratov R.V. (2012) Circadian clock and pathologies of ageing brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 13, 325-335
  4. Khapre RV, Kondratova AA, Patel S, Dubrovsky Y, Wrobel M, Antoch MP, Kondratov RV. (2014) BMAL1-dependent regulation of the mTOR signaling pathway delays aging. Aging (Albany NY). Jan;6(1):48-5
  5. Patel SA, Chaudhari A, Gupta R, Velingkaar N, Kondratov RV. (2016) Circadian clocks govern calorie restriction-mediated life span extension through BMAL1- and IGF-1-dependent mechanisms. FASEB J. Apr; 30(4), 1634-42, pii: fj.15-282475.
  6. Chaudhari A, Gupta R, Patel S, Velingkaar N, Kondratov RV. (2017) Cryptochromes regulate IGF-1 production and signaling through control JAK2 dependent STAT5B phosphorylation. Mol Biol Cell. Mar 15, 28(6) 834-842
  7.  Tulsian R, Velingkaar N, Kondratov R. (2018) Caloric restriction effects on liver mTOR signaling are time-of-day dependent. Aging (Albany NY). Jul 16;10(7):1640-1648. doi: 10.18632/aging.101498
  8. Makwana K, Gosai N, Poe A, Kondratov RV. (2019) Calorie restriction reprograms diurnal rhythms in protein translation to regulate metabolism. FASEB J Mar; 33(3): 4473-4489.  doi: 10.1096/fj.201802167R. Epub 2018 Dec 19.
  9. Velingkaar N, Mezhnina V, Poe A, Makwana K, Tulsian R, and Kondratov RV. (2020) Reduced caloric intake and periodic fasting independently contribute to metabolic effects of caloric restriction. Aging Cell. Apr: 19(4), e13138
  10. Mezhnina V, Pearce R, Poe A, Velingkaar N, Astafev A, Ebeigbe OP, Makwana K, Sandlers Y, Kondratov RV. (2020) CR reprograms acetyl-CoA metabolism and induces long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and CrAT expression. Aging Cell.  Nov: 19(11), e13266. doi: 10.1111/acel.13266 
  11. Velingkaar N, Mezhnina V, Poe A, Kondratov RV. (2021) Two-meal caloric restriction induces 12-hour rhythms and improves glucose homeostasis. FASEB J. Feb; 32(2):e21342. doi: 10.1096/fj.202002470R
  12.  Ghosh S, Lewis KN, Tulsian R, Astafev AA, Buffenstein R, KondratovRV. (2021) it’s about time; divergent circadian clocks in the liver of mice and naked mole-rats. FASEB J. doi.org/10.1096/fj.202100116R

* - co-correspondence author.