Confucius Institute

Confucius Institute Research Projects

Around the Chinese language and culture teaching programs and teacher professional development, the Confucius Institute conducts empirical research directed by Dr. Huiwen Li. Research projects are typically conducted in collaboration with visiting professors and researchers in the US and abroad.



1. Chinese language and culture curriculum development

2. Teaching strategy and learning assessment

3. Teacher training and professional development

4. Culture shock and culture adaptation

5. HSK testing validity and placement test development

6. Chinese characters, culture, and calligraphy

7. Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) teacher competency


Leading Researcher and Research Advisor: Huiwen Li, MEd, MA, EdD

Dr. Huiwen Li is the CI educational program leader in charge of CI teaching, research, and journal projects. He teaches Chinese language at all levels, Chinese culture, empirical research methods, and Chinese calligraphy. His research interests include teacher professional development, curriculum development, culture shock and adaption, learning assessment, program evaluation, and psychology in education. He teaches Chinese language and linguistics, Chinese characters and calligraphy, and research methodology. He also serves as the predident of American Society of Shufa Calligraphy Education (ASSCE, 美国书法教育学会).




1. 李惠文. (2013). PDF icon 建立海外孔子学院的风险评估机制.pdf 孔子学院发展研究1(2), 19-24.

Or, Li, H. (2013). Building up risk assessment system for overseas Confucius Institutes. Research on the Development of Confucius Institute1(2), 19-24.

2. 李惠文. (2014). PDF icon 孔子眼中的好学.pdf孔子研究3(3), 19-23.

Or, Li, H. (2014). Love of Learning in Confucius’ eyes: Viewed from a systematic perspective.Confucius Studies3(3), 19-23.

3. Li, H. (2014). PDF icon 赴美高校华文新教师岗前培训设计.pdf 海外华文教育3(3), 307-315.

Or, Li, H. (2014). A Practice-based design of training novice college CFL teachers in the US. Overseas Chinese Education3(3), 307-315.

4. Li, H., & Yu, Y. (2015). PDF icon Assessing Needs for a Chinese Calligraphy Course.pdfTeaching Chinese in International Contexts1, 3-26.

Or, 李惠文, & 于月明. (2015). 高校书法课需求性测量评估国际中文教学新视野1, 3-26.

5. Kuo, L. J., Kim, T. J., Yang, X., Li, H., Liu, Y., Wang, H., Park, J. H., & Li, Y. (2015). PDF icon Acquisition of Chinesecharacters.pdf Frontiers in psychology6.

6. 国立夫, & 李惠文. (2016). PDF icon 基于PDCA的名师工作室活动设计.pdf 教育理论与实践36(5), 34-36.Or, Guo, Li, & Li, H. (2016). Exemplified activity design of PDCA-based expert teacher mentoring studio. Theory and Practice of Education36(5), 34-36.


7. 林昊 & 李惠文. (2017). 中文国际文凭项目考试特点与难点. 中文教学研究1(1), 1-9.

Or, Lin, H., & Li, H. (2017). The IB Test of Chinese as a second language: Features and difficulties.Research on Chinese Language Teaching1(1), 1-9.


8. 李惠文李顺清, & 韩丽芬. (2017). 在美中文教师常见的文化冲击及对策汉语学习与教学研究3, 57-66.

Or, Li, H., Li, S., & Han, L. (2017). Culture Shock Chinese Language Teachers Commonly Encounter in the US and Coping StrategiesStudies in Chinese Learning and Teaching3, 57-66.


9. 郭艳. (2017). 美国中小学汉语教学现状及问题探.pdf—以美国俄亥俄州 Cleveland Heights University Heights学区为例汉语学习与教学研究, 3, 67-76.

Or, Guo, Y. (2017). Current situation and problems of Chinese teaching in American schools---Exemplified with Cleveland Heights and University Heights District. Studies in Chinese Learning and Teaching3, 67-76.

10. Li, H., & McDermott, B. (2017). PDF icon 11 Problems and the Coping Measures in American Beginners%27 Chinese Calligraphy Writing.pdfProblems and the Coping Measures in American Beginners Chinese Calligraphy WritingChinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology1.


11. 李顺清韩丽芬, & 李惠文(2017). 汉办在美教师课堂教学中的文化冲击. 汉语教学方法与技术1.

Or, Li, S., Han, L., & Li, H. (2007). Culture shock Hanban teachers encounter in American classroom teaching. Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology1.


12. Li, H. (2017). Does Background Music Affect Memorization of Chinese Character Meaning. Research on Chinese Teaching and Learning2.


13. 李惠文, 关春梅, & 庞晖. (2017). 当前国家汉办外派教师赴美工作中存在的问题与对策. 云南师范大学学报·对外汉语教学与研究版, 15(3), 88-92.
Or, Li, H., Guan, C., & Pang, H. (2017). Hanban-sponsored Chinese Language Programs in the US: Issues and Coping Strategies. Journal of Yunnan Normal University: Teaching and Research of Chinese as A Foreign Language, 15(3), 88-92.
14. 李惠文 & 庞晖. (2018). 海外孔子学院汉语教师深度培训模式建构及实践—以克利夫兰州立大学孔子学院为例. 云南师范大学学报(对外汉语教学与研究版), 16(5), 27-34.
Or, Li, H., & Pang, H. (2018). Chinese language teachers’ professional development stages and Five-step Teacher Training. Journal of Yunnan Normal University (Teaching and Research on Chinese as a Foreign Language), 16(5), 27-34.
15. 庞晖, & 孙泓. (2018). 美国汉办教师课堂教学目标设计存在的问题及建议. 汉语教学方法与技术, 1(4), Art. 5.
Or, Pang, H., & Sun, H. (2018). Problems and suggestions on teaching objectives for Chinese Hanban teachers in the United States. Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology, 1(4), Art. 5.
16. Li, H., Pang, H, & Hu, Z. (2018). Chinese language teacher competency: A literature review for a study series. Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology, 1(4), Art. 7.
17. Wang, H., Liu, G., Li, S., & Luo, L. (2018). A study of CFL teacher competency in the U.S.: An overview of professional guidelines, resources, and standards. Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology, 1(4), Art. 8.
18. Li, H., Han, L., and Becker, G. (2018). Chinese calligraphy and culture. Cleveland, OH: MSL Academic Endeavors Publishing.
19. 李惠文 & 丁笑丛. (2019). 美国中小学开设中国书法课的需求调查. 中文教学研究, 5(1), Art. 1.
Or, Li, H., & Ding, X. (2019). Needs for Chinese Calligraphy Education in American K-12 Schools in the Era of International Culture Exchange: A Survey in Cleveland. Journal of Research on Chinese Teaching, 5(1), Art. 1.
20.郭宇飞, 李惠文, & 庞晖. (2019). 赴美汉办教师文化冲击与适应情况的调查. 汉语教学方法与技术, 2(1), 80-93.
Or, Guo, Y., Li, H., & Pang, H. (2019). Hanban teachers’ culture shock and adaptation in the US: A mixed method study. Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology, 2(1), 80-93.
21. Li, H, Li, S. & Li, Y. (2019). K-12 school CFL teacher competency expected by employers. International Chinese Language Education, 13(4), 96-108.
22. Li, H., Pang, H., & Seday, E. (Eds.). (2019). Chinese language teaching plan: Designs and analysis. MSL Academic Endeavors.
23. Pang, H. & Li, H. (Eds.). (2020). Portraying Well-accomplished Chinese Language Teachers in the United States: An Interview Study (《美国中小学优秀中文教师访谈录》). Milwaukee, WI: Ignite Chinese.
24. Li, H., Li, N., Li, S., Guo, Y., & Wang, Y. (Eds.). (2020). Unit plans on selected topics for beginning Chinese: Curriculum & teaching design implementing effective world language principles. Milwaukee, WI: Ignite Chinese.