ANT 100 Human Diversity (4-0-4). Exploration of human biological and cultural diversity, with special emphasis on the U.S. experience. General principles of diversity are developed and then applied to key diversity issues in the U.S., such as the African American education gap, "Ebonics," affirmative action, reverse discrimination, reparations, transgender hate crimes, same sex marriage, official English, immigration, Holocaust revisionism, Islam and the U.S., and the status oof women, the elderly, and the disabled, among others. Students gain valuable insights to help them negotiate the complexities of diversity in the U.S. and world today. Return to top

ANT 101 Human Biocultural Evolution (4-0-4). Students are introduced to the fundamental principles of organic evolution. These are applied to survey and interpret critical anatomical and behavioral adaptations that characterize the earliest primates to modern humans.  Factors involved in the origin of broad spectrum intelligence, tool use, and culture are considered relative to patterns of modern human biological and cultural variation. Return to top

ANT 102 Study of Culture (4-0-4). Introduction to the ways in which anthropologists study living cultures and languages and the foundation for further study in cultural and linguistic anthropology. Materials from a number of the world's cultures and languages are presented through lectures, demonstrations, videos, and films. Return to top

ANT 103 Ancient Civilizations (4-0-4). Introduction to the prehistoric archaeology of Old World civilizations, with a focus on Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, Egypt, and the British Isles; course includes an examination of current research methods in archaeology as well as contemporary interpretations and theories in the field. Return to top

ANT 120 Introduction to Language and Linguistics (4-0-4). This course provides an introduction to the properties of human languages and to their systematic study in the field of linguistics. It provides the groundwork for future studies of language and communication in a broad range of disciplines: linguistics, modern languages, ESL, communication, sociolinguistics, and anthropological linguistics. It is assumed that students have had no prior course work or exposure to linguistics and will begin with the basic assumptions that are shared by those who study language from a variety of perspectives. Cross-listed with LIN 120. Return to top

ANT 150 Comparative American Slavery (4-0-4). This course takes an anthropological approach to the comparative analysis of slavery across cultural, historical and geographical backgrounds. The course specifically seeks to expand our understanding of the experiences of slavery in North Amercia involving the European/American exploitation of Africans and Native Americans by looking at other socio-historical situations of slavery in Africa, Asia, and the pre-Columbian Americas for comparison and contrast. Return to top

ANT 153 Introduction to African Cultures (4-0-4). Introduction to the multiple cultures of contemporary Africa from a number of different perspectives: African intellectuals, Africanist scholars, and ordinary Africans. A video series on the history, lifestyles, religions, politics, environment, and multicultural conflicts of the continent is balanced with the perspectives of other Africans and Africanists on similar topics as represented in readings, discussions, and ethnographic films and videos. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 171 Native Civilizations of the Americas (4-0-4). Introduction to the major cultural achievements of the New World, with an examination and comparison of cultural development in four separate geographical areas: the Mississippi and Ohio Valley regions (e.g., the Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippian cultures), the American Southwest (e.g., the Pueblo and Anasazi), Mesoamerica (e.g., the Olmee, Maya, and Aztecs), and the Andes of South America (e.g., the Moche, Nazca, and Inka). Return to top

ANT 210 Introduction to Native American Studies (4-0-4). Course provides an introductory overview of the interdisciplinary field of Native American Studies. It is required for the minor in Native American studies and as such, provides the intellectual foundation for further work in the field. The course explores the complexity and diversity of the contemporary Native American experience, through the anthropological, cultural, historical, and literary sources of First Nations Peoples in North, Middle, and South America. Return to top

ANT 221 Culture and Human Sexuality (3-0-3). An examination of the importance of culture for understanding human sexuality, especially as it affects health. Topics covered include biological, social, emotional, cognitive, and spiritual issues related to sexuality. Contemporary political, legal, and health issues are discussed critically. Cross-listed with HSC 201. Return to top

ANT 227 Power, Authority & Society in Nonwestern Communities (4-0-4). Examination of the ways selected groups of Asian, African, and Latin American societies organize themselves with respect to power and authority to cope with common social problems. Attention given to how change in political organization takes place. Cross-listed with HIS/PSC 227. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 243 Language and Gender (4-0-4).  Students are encouraged to take ANT 100 Human Diversity , or ANT 102 Study of Culture, or ANT 120 Introduction to Language and Linguistics before taking this course, but no prerequisite is assumed or required.  This course explores how ways of speaking and ideas about gender are linked within minority and dominant cultures in the U.S. and beyond. Return to top

ANT 260 Language, Culture and Society (4-0-4). Overview of the study of language in its cultural and social contexts. Topics may include the formation and maintenance of speech communities, variation of language within and across speech communities, how languages change in contemporary social contexts, the range of uses of language in social context, the verbal arts, oral folklore, and the development of writing systems. This course does not presume a background in either linguistics or anthropology. Cross-listed with LIN 260. Return to top

ANT 270 African-American Culture (4-0-4). Focus on the social and cultural ecology of contemporary black communities in America; includes an examination of how cultural history shapes present activities, attitudes, and beliefs. Specific topics include family organization, sex roles, child development, and social and religious movements. Return to top

ANT 275 Ancient Mysteries (4-0-4). Course examines some of the great mysteries of the human past.  It explores unconventional claims, including the ancient astronauts' assertion, the idea that a number of early civilizations were founded by alien visitors from outer space.  It debunks these notions and considers the historical, social, economic, political, religious, racist, and even psychological motives behind them.  Real wonders of the ancient world are also surveyed, such as Easter Island, Machu Picchu, Stonehenge, and the Great Zimbabwe.  In the process, students learn the basic scientific concepts and approaches of anthropology and archaeology. Return to top

ANT 276 Anthropology and Science Fiction (4-0-4).   Anthropology and science fiction both seek to expand our vision by examining either parts of our world that we know little about (in the case of anthropology) or other worlds that exist in our fantasies or imaginations (in the case of science fiction). This course examines how each proceeds in this attempt through an examination of their interrelationships in subject, vision, and manner. The course involves reading and analysis of text and exegesis in both the "anthropology of science fiction" (i.e., the analysis of science fiction using anthropology) and the "science fiction of anthropology" (i.e., the creation of science fiction involving anthropological subjects and material). Return to top

ANT 280 Anthropology of Adulthood and Aging (4-0-4). The nature and processes of adulthood and aging are examined in a cross-cultural perspective. Examination of differences in culture, ethnicity, environment, and ecology as they influence the experience of growing old in selected modern and traditional societies around the world. Return to top

ANT 293 Topics in Anthropology (1 to 4 credits). Topics reflect material of special or timely interest, such as food and culture, multimedia software, Mesoamerican art, expressive culture, the anthropology of music, forensics, and human anatomy. May be repeated up to 12 credit hours when topics vary. No more than 12 credit hours of ANT 293 / 493 maybe counted towards any ANT degree. Return to top

ANT 301 Biological Anthropology (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 101 Human Biocultural Evolution or equivalent. Emphasis on two fundamental areas of human biological evolution: human population genetics and reproductive fitness and the adaptive significance of contemporary human biological variation. Topics explore the extent to which environmental factors such as geographic location, climate, attitude, diet and disease influence the growth, development, nutritional status, and demographic characteristics of extant human groups. Return to top

ANT 302 Archaeology (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 101 Human Biocultural Evolution. A detailed consideration of archaeology, its principal methods and issues today. Major themes include the nature of archaeology, its history, and field and laboratory techniques, along with ethical and other topics, such as looting, the conflict between archaeologists and native peoples over human remains, and graduate and career opportunities in the field. Emphasis is placed on illustrating these subjects via their application to real   archaeological problems and data. Return to top

ANT 303 Cultural Anthropology (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 102 Study of Culture. Overview of the developmental history of method and theory in social and cultural anthropology. Topics include structural-functionalism, symbolic anthropology, cultural materialism, structuralism, and post-modernism. The methodology of ethnographic fieldwork is also addressed in detail. Return to top

ANT 304 Linguistic Anthropology (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 102, Study of Culture, or ANT/LIN 120, Introduction to Language & Linguistics, or ENG 311, Elements of Linguistics, or permission of instructor. Introduction to the study of language, culture, and society. Topics include principles of linguistic analysis (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), the ethnography of speaking, quantitative sociolinguistics, language contact and change, language and expressive culture, and language and gender. Return to top

ANT 305 Quantitative Anthropology (3-2-4). Sampling, research methods, and practical applications of parametric and non-parametric statistical procedures to anthropological analysis. Return to top

ANT 310 Human Osteology (4-0-4). Introduction to the structure and function of the human musculoskeletal system. Familiarization with methods used in the excavation, identification, analysis, and preservation of prehistoric human skeletal remains. Includes consideration of anthropological vs. forensic perspectives, goals, and applications. Lecture content and lab exercises focus on quantitative and qualitative methods used to analyze growth and development of the skeleton, age and sex estimation, stature reconstruction, race determination, paleodemography, paleopathology, and the methods of assessing nutritional status of earlier human groups. Return to top

ANT 311 Medical Anthropology (4-0-4). Anthropological approaches to the study of disease in Western and Nonwestern societies. Emphasis on beliefs in the supernatural, folk medicine, scientific vs. non-scientific medicine, and modern approaches to epidemiology. Return to top

ANT 312 Primate Behavior (4-0-4). Focus on the marked diversity and adaptive significance of primate behavior in nature. Dietary patterns and feeding strategies, locomotor adaptations, reproductive behaviors, territoriality, social organization, predator pressure, interspecific competition, parental investment, play behavior and learning, and primate intelligence are explored within the framework of evolutionary ecology, zoology, and geographic distribution. The extent to which primate behavior studies shed light on the evolution of human behavior is also examined. Return to top

ANT 313 Human Paleontology (4-0-4). Fossil evidence of hominid evolution and the development of contemporary human origin theories are explored in a historical, ecological, and geochronological framework. Lectures consider benefits and liabilities of analogistic, deterministic, and gender-oriented models posited to explain the evolution of behavioral and anatomical characteristics unique to humans. Laboratory exercises acquaint students with methods used to identify, analyze, and interpret key morphological and behavioral trail complexes which serve as the basis for reconstructing the phylogeny of the Hominidae. Return to top

ANT 320 Anthropology of Religion (4-0-4). Study of the universal components and structures of the institutions of religion and religious experience. Comparison of the diversity of religions in the traditional and modern milieux. Return to top

ANT 321 Psychological Anthropology (4-0-4). Anthropological approach to the study of personality, emphasizing comparison of social and cultural factors that produce culturally variable attitudes and beliefs about the nature of the social, environmental, and supernatural worlds of the individual. Topics include the structure and dynamics of symbolic expression, ecologies of stability and stress, and types of adaptive and maladaptive coping processes in the contexts of social change and modernization. Return to top

ANT 322 Writing About Culture (4-0-4). Prerequisites: ENG 101 and ENG 102. Reading and analysis of first-person accounts, scientific narratives, ethnographies, ethnologies, and anthropological fiction. Examination of how various writing styles affect communication among and between social scientists. Return to top

ANT 323 Visual Anthropology (4-0-4). Students are urged to take ANT 100 Human Diversity or ANT 102 Study of Culture before taking this course. Introduction to the production and use of ethnographic videos and films in anthropological research and teaching. Course explores both theory and application; theory topics include ethics of production, issues of perspective, adequacy of representation, authorship and authority. Theoretical knowledge is applied in the editing of an ethnographic video from the instructor's field footage. Return to top

ANT 324 Anthropology of Gender (4-0-4). Students are urged to take ANT 100 Human Diversity or ANT 102 Study of Culture before taking this course. Exploration of the cultural construction of gender in a variety of human societies from an anthropological perspective. Includes an examination of the different ways in which males and females are thought of, treated, and expected to behave in different cultural settings, taking into account aspects of gender systems such as division of labor, stratification, gender roles, and their variation throughout the life cycle. Return to top

ANT 330 Proposal Writing in Archaeology (2-0-2).  Co-requisite: concurrent enrollment in ANT 302 Archaeology; or (with permission of instructor) prior completion of ANT 302.  Students develop and enhance their skills in writing by preparing an actual National Geographic grant proposal for an archaeological project of their choosing.  They select or design their own research focus and produce an abstract, pre-application, and final proposal using the real forms employed by the National Geographic Society.  They then submit their materials for peer review by other students and review the work of other students in order to gain an inside perspective on the peer review process and how to present their work to others.  Skills acquired will benefit students in any grant-writing or concept-selling context. Return to top

ANT 331 North American Prehistory (4-0-4). Overview of the pre-contact archaeology of North America (i.e., the United States and Canada). Topics include the peopling of the New World, hunter-gatherers, human settlement of the Arctic, agriculturalists, and regional developments from New England and the Midwest to the Southwest and West Coast. Ample illustration is provided from the rich body of archaeological discoveries across the continent. Special attention is given to important, controversial, and recent finds, such as “Kennewick Man.” Return to top

ANT 332 World Prehistory (4-0-4). Survey of global archaeology, from the original appearance of human beings to the emergence of recorded history. This course reviews the great cultural traditions of the world and their major accomplishments, with examples from China, the Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle America, the Andes and Oceania, among others. Topics range from the peopling of the world and what happened to the Neanderthals to the development of agriculture and the rise of the state. Return to top

ANT 336 Lab Methods in Archaeology (4-0-4). An introduction to laboratory methods used in archaeological research. Topics may include preparing finds, dating them, classifying materials, compositional analysis, drafting maps, photography, conservation methods, or other techniques that comprise the modern battery of tools used by archaeologists to make sense of and preserve their discoveries. Extensive use is made of examples; emphasis is on practical application. Return to top

ANT 337 Field Methods in Archaeology (4-0-4). An introduction to archaeological field techniques. Topics may include reconnaissance and surveying methods, such as technical mapping, site locating (global positioning system/GPS), establishing a site grid, and satellite or aerial image interpretation. Excavation techniques may be covered, from test and grid units to trenches and tunnels, as well as proper recording of field data. Extensive use is made of examples; emphasis is on practical application, with special attention to overcoming the typical complications and difficulties that emerge during fieldwork. Return to top

ANT 340 Phonology (4-0-4). Prerequisites: ANT 120 or LIN 120, Introduction to Language and Linguistics or ENG 311 or LIN 311, Elements of Linguistics. Introduction to the scientific study of the sound systems of the world's living languages. Includes discussion of the basics of phonetic transcription and phonemic analysis and the development of formal models in phonology. Topics include articulatory and acoustic phonetics, the phoneme, phonological rules and representations, non-linear models, harmony processes, prosodic morphology, and sound symbolism. Cross-listed with LIN 340. Return to top

ANT 341 Morphology and Syntax (4-0-4). Prerequisites: ANT 120 or LIN 120, Introduction to Language and Linguistics or ENG 311 or LIN 311, Elements of Linguistics. Introduction to the description and analysis of word formation processes and sentence structure from a cross-linguistic perspective. Instruction in basic morphemic analysis and constituent testing using data drawn from languages outside the Indo-European family. Also includes an introduction to typological analysis in the study of morpho-syntax. Cross-listed with LIN 341. Return to top

ANT 342 Languages in Contact (4-0-4). Introduction to the study of linguistic responses to culture contact in a variety of socio-historical contexts. Topics include language and trade, language and colonialism, pidgins and pidginization, creoles and creolization, dialect contact and the formation of koines. Cross-listed with LIN 342/MLA 342. Return to top

ANT 343 Language and Gender (4-0-4). Students are urged to take ANT 100 Human Diversity or ANT 102 Study of Culture before taking this course. Exploration of the connections between language and gender systems through a variety of theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and findings in recent research drawn from anthropological, linguistic, and psychological studies. Return to top

ANT 344 Sociolinguistics (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 304 Linguistic Anthropology. An introduction to theory and method in sociolinguistics with an examination of both the quantitative and the qualitative paradigms. Quantitative sociolinguistics, also known as variation theory, correlates linguistic variation with social structure relying on the statistical treatment of data. The qualitative paradigm also examines language variation in relation to social structure but has been more traditionally concerned with language use in social context in non-Western societies. Return to top

ANT 345 Language and Meaning (4-0-4). Prerequisites: ANT/LIN 120 or ENG/LIN 311 or permission of the instructor. This course familiarizes students with a broad spectrum of key concepts, issues, and analytical tools in the study of meaning in natural language, with an emphasis on non-formalist approaches. The focus is on how linguists approach the study of natural language semantics, particularly as it influences and organizes morphosyntactic structure. To serve as a background to the course, important complementary viewpoints are briefly discussed, including traditional semantic concerns of philosophers of language, as well as semiotic perspectives on meaning and communication. Return to top

ANT 347 Maya Hieroglyphic Writing I (4-0-4). Introduction to Classic Maya writing and texts from a linguistic and anthropological perspective. Students study the origins and functions of writing in Ancient Mesoamerica, examine the relationship of spoken languages to the script, and learn to decipher, analyze and interpret Maya hieroglyphic texts for information of general anthropological and linguistic interest such as dynastic history, social organization, ritual, cosmology and belief systems. Cross-listed with LIN/MLA 347. Return to top

ANT 348 Folklore and Folklife (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 102 Study of Culture. The course is an overview of the study of folklore and folklife from its beginnings in the 19th century when it emerged as an eclectic, interdisciplinary field. Following Geertz's view of culture as an assemblage of "texts," the course will examine a complex tapestry of artifactual representations including oral narrative, speech, myth, performance, drama, art, architecture, music, dance and clothing. Return to top

ANT 349 American Indian Languages (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 304 or ENG 311. The objective of this course is to increase appreciation of American Indian languages understood in their various cultural contexts. It presents the language families and languages of North America and it examines the structure and functions of American Indian poetry, song, narrative, conversation, prayer and other forms of figurative language. Return to top

ANT 351 Native North Americans (4-0-4). Overview of the native North American peoples, their past and present conditions, origins, cultural variety, and their interaction with European, American, and Canadian cultures. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 352 Native South Americans (4-0-4). Overview of the indigenous cultures of South America using case studies to represent major culture areas, traditions, and questions of anthropological concern. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 353 Cultures of Africa (4-0-4). Introduction to the multiple cultures of contemporary Africa from the perspectives of African intellectuals, Africanist scholars, and ordinary Africans. Mazrui's video series on the history, lifestyles, religions, politics, environment, and multicultural conflicts of the continent is balanced against the perspectives of other Africans and Africanists on similar topics through texts, lectures, class discussions, and ethnographic films. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 354 Cultures of Oceania (4-0-4). Introduction to the extremely diverse cultural areas of Polynesia, Micronesia, Melanesia, and Australia. Topics include trade and exchange; gender relations and sexuality; culture contact and change; indigenous land rights; totemism; political authority, language distribution and use; warfare and headhunting; expressive arts, and socialization. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 356 Ethiopia (4-0-4). Survey of the land, ecologies, peoples and cultures of Ethiopia, examining ancient and traditional ways of life as well as contemporary issues and developments. Emphasis on Abyssinia. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 357 Peoples and Cultures of Mesoamerica (4-0-4). This course provides an overview of the peoples and Cultures of Mexico and Central America that comprise the Mesoamerican culture area. Course begins with an examination of pre-Columbian civilizations and the Colonial Period before focusing on contemporary indigenous peoples, their institutions and relationships to the modern state. Using rich ethnographic accounts of contemporary Nahautl and Mayan communities we will examine gender, religious systems and world view, transformations of the economy, language and identity, and political oppression, culminating in the ongoing revitalization movements currently taking place as exemplified by the Zapatistas in Chiapas and Guatemalan Mayans. Return to top

ANT 358 Caribbean Societies (4-0-4). Survey of the historical and contemporary societies of the Caribbean socio-cultural region, with primary focus on the non-Hispanic regions of the Caribbean (those areas whose colonial history is with England, France, Sweden and the Netherlands). Assumes no prior knowledge of anthropology. Foreign Culture course. Return to top

ANT 365 The Asian American Experience (4-0-4). This course deals with developing a better understanding of the evolution and settlement patterns, religious and social institutions, and help-seeking patterns of Asian Americans, one of the fastest growing visible minority groups in our society. The course will focus on Indian Americans and Chinese Americans, the two largest Asian American groups in Northeast Ohio. Other Asian groups, such as Filipinos, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, and other Southeastern and South Asian communities will also be highlighted, with special emphasis on Asian communities in Northeast Ohio. Cross-listed with SWK 355. Return to top

ANT 366 Native Peoples of the Southwest (4-0-4). An in-depth examination of the Southwest culture area of Native North America found primarily within Arizona and New Mexico and parts of Colorado and Nevada. The course focuses on the ethnography of the region, with a brief overview of the archaeological basis of contemporary settlement. While not strictly enforced, it is strongly recommended that students either have taken or are concurrently enrolled in ANT 351 Native North Americans. Return to top

ANT 375 Ethnographic Field Methods (4-0-4). Instruction in the methods of ethnographic observation, analysis, and description, with exposure to different research methods in ethnography and sociolinguistics. Topics covered include elicitation, social network analysis, participant observation, consultants, ethics, data management, and ethnographic writing. Return to top

ANT 385 The Anthropology of Tourism (4-0-4). An introduction to the study of tourism from the perspective of anthropology. Although the anthropology of tourism is a relatively new field of social science inquiry, its objects of study—travel, cross-cultural interaction, and culture change—are as old as the discipline of anthropology itself. Topics covered include defining tourism, typologies of tourism and tourists, the theory of tourism, tourist arts and crafts, ethnicity and heritage in tourism, sustainable tourism, eco-tourism, the social and cultural impacts of tourism, and managing tourism. Return to top

ANT 393 Area Studies in Archaeology (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 101 Human Biocultural Evolution. Exploration of the principal developments, primary explanations, and main issues in the study of the prehistory and/or historical archaeology of a particular area, region, or place. Similar to area studies in anthropology courses, with emphasis on the past culture of a target area rather than its contemporary culture. Mesoamerica, the Maya area, and Belize have been covered in recent years; other areas may also be covered. Return to top

ANT 394 Area Studies in Anthropology (4-0-4). Comparative study of cultures and societies of major world areas. May be repeated up to 12 credit hours by studying different areas. Return to top

ANT 401 Forensic Anthropology (4-0-4). This course provides students with an introduction to the forensic sciences. Readings emphasize the diverse roles that forensic evidence plays in local, regional, national and international law enforcement and judicial applications. Introductory topics include forensic chemistry, pathology, dentistry, DNA fingerprinting, botany, palynology, entomology, geology, engineering, sociology, psychology, psychiatry, and forensic anthropology and archaeology. Special topics include the determination of age, sex, ancestry, and stature from human skeletal remains along with identification of skeletal trauma, features of individuation, and applications of craniofacial reconstruction. Additional topics focus on standard death scene and crime scene methods of evidence collection used in the study of criminalistics. Return to top

ANT 435 Archaeology Field School (variable credit). Prerequisite: At least one course in anthropology. Hands-on participation in archaeological fieldwork; techniques of archaeological field reconnaissance and survey; exploration, mapping and excavation of actual archaeological remains.  Recording and processing of archaeological data  May be conducted at sites in different locations, consult Department for details; students are responsible for their own transportation.  Credit varies by offering.  May be repeated for credit for up to 12 credit hours, however no more than 6 may be counted as electives towards the Anthropology Major or Minor. Return to top

ANT 440 Southwest Field Experience (6-0-6). Prerequisites: ANT 366 Native Peoples of the Southwest and permission of instructor. This course provides the curricular foundations for the supervised field experience in anthropology, a program that is offered annually in the second six-week summer session. There is a two-week orientation and preparation on campus followed by a four-week stay in the Southwest (New Mexico and Arizona), where students experience tourism in Native American communities. Return to top

ANT 447 Maya Hieroglyphic Writing II (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 347. Building on the basic knowledge and skills learned in ANT 347, students will decipher increasingly more challenging texts in order to reach a more sophisticated understanding of Maya hieroglyphic decipherment, and its implications for understanding and revising the history of Classic Maya civilization. Cross-listed with LIN/MLA 447. Return to top

ANT 453 Advanced Studies in African Cultures (4-0-4). Prerequisite: ANT 153 or ANT 353 or permission of the instructor. Seminar-style class devoted to advanced comparative study of African cultures with specific attention to culture change in the areas of social organization, kinship, economics, ways of knowing, religions, art, music, gender roles, political systems, power and representation. Students conduct individual and group research projects on how African societies are interweaving their cultural traditions with new adaptations in the face of global pressures, influences, technologies, and trends. Return to top

ANT 493 Topics in Anthropology (1 to 4 credits). Topics reflect material of special or timely interest, such as food and culture, multimedia software, Mesoamerican art, expressive culture, the anthropology of music, folk voices, forensics, and human anatomy. May be repeated up to 12 credit hours when topics vary. No more than 12 credit hours of ANT 293 / 493 maybe counted towards any ANT degree. Return to top

ANT 494 Advanced Area Studies in Anthropology (4-0-4). Prerequisites: ANT 102 Study of Culture and appropriate area studies course ANT 351 through ANT 358 or ANT 366). In-depth study of specific questions of anthropological concern in a particular cultural area. Topic and area may vary with each offering. May be repeated up to 12 credit hours with different topic/area. Return to top

ANT 495 Senior Seminar in Anthropology (4-0-4). Prerequisites: Anthropology major with senior standing and permission of instructor. This course provides majors in anthropology with a capstone experience in the discipline. The course has the explicit goal of refining the analytic and expository skills that are introduced and developed in the core courses for the major. Students will also have the opportunity to apply their anthropological training and knowledge in a project that focuses on a “real world” problem that is taken from the contemporary world. Return to top

ANT 496 Independent Study in Anthropology (1-4 credits). Prerequisite: Junior standing. Written permission of instructor and chairperson is required for registration. Independent student research on selected advanced topics in anthropology under the direction of the faculty. May be repeated up to 8 credit hours when topics vary. Return to top