A clinical psychologist works to decrease psychological distress and promote psychological well-being with a variety of populations, including children, adults, couples and families. Clinical psychologists engage in many professional activities, which may include the following:
- Diagnostic tests, interviewing, and behavioral observation
- Treatment planning and monitoring
- Consulting with other professionals, such as teachers and physicians.
- Program evaluation
- Prevention and wellness activities
- Applied research
The entry level degree for the profession is typically a doctorate (Ph.D. or Psy.D.), although some states allow limited licenses for master’s level psychologists to practice independently. Ohio does not allow licensure of master’s level psychology graduates; a doctorate is required for licensure as a psychologist in the state. Persons with master’s degrees may work under the supervision of a doctoral level psychologist to conduct evaluations of individual clients, implement treatment programs and engage in research-based activities.
Licensed Clinical Psychologists work in hospitals, clinics, private practice, residential treatment centers, addiction treatment centers, and forensic settings. Nationwide, 4 out of 10 Clinical Psychologists are self-employed. For more information about the Clinical Psychology field, please visit the American Psychological Association (APA), Division 12 (Society of Clinical Psychology) web site: www.apa.org/divisions/div12/homepage.html.