There are three broad categories of faculty across the Colleges: tenured or tenure-track (full-time); non-tenured (full-time); and part-time/adjunct. Not every College utilizes all faculty titles and roles, and some Colleges call similar positions different names (for example, part-time and adjunct). Faculty are defined as "all persons who have been granted full-time appointments by the Board of Trustees to the rank of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, clinical assistant professor, clinical associate professor, and instructor" (Bylaws 8.1.1(A)). There is a second, more inclusive definition of faculty that is also recognized, "appointments to the University full-time faculty are of six kinds: term, probationary, tenured, research and public service, clinical, and visiting" (Agreement 12.1).
a. Tenured (tenure-track) Faculty
Certain faculty members are entitled to tenure, a status "established by the Board of Trustees granting the prerogative of a faculty member to employment on a continuing basis by the University subject to dismissal only for specific causes [specified in the Collective Bargaining Agreement] and after due process" (Agreement 12.6).
Professor – the highest rank awarded by the Board of Trustees. One earning this rank has typically held the rank of Associate Professor first.
Associate Professor – normally, but not always, the rank awarding tenure by the Board of Trustees. One earning this rank has typically held the rank of Assistant Professor first. If so, then if promoted to Associate, this promotion comes with tenure. However, if hired as an associate, then the faculty member is not tenured and must go through the tenure-review process.
Assistant Professor – a probationary appointment without tenure, for a period not to exceed six years (Agreement 12.5). This appointment without tenure to a full-time faculty position is subject to termination as set forth in the Collective Bargaining Agreement. This appointment is typically an entry-level position for a tenure-track faculty member who holds a terminal degree, and is followed by either promotion to Associate Professor or dismissal from employment after the six-year trial period.
Clinical Associate Professor – the rank awarding tenure by the Board of Trustees in the following schools/departments, with individual exceptions made: Nursing; Health Sciences; Speech and Hearing; Social Work; Health, Physical Education, and Recreation; and Counseling, Administration, Supervision, and Adult Learning (CASAL). Faculty member holds at least a masters degree and is considered an expert practitioner in a professional discipline (Agreement 12.4(B)).
Clinical Assistant Professor – a probationary appointment without tenure in the following schools/departments, with individual exceptions made: Nursing; Health Sciences, Speech and Hearing, Social Work, HPERD, and CASAL. Faculty member holds at least a masters degree and is considered an expert practitioner in a professional discipline (Agreement 12.4(B)).
b. Non-tenured Full-time Faculty
Visiting Professor/Visiting Associate Professor/Visiting Assistant Professor – visiting appointments are for one year with a possible renewal of one additional year. Visiting faculty members typically teach up to 16 credit hours per term of instruction, though each department establishes a workload policy (Agreement 12.3; 12.4(B); Bylaws 8.3.1(B)).
Visiting Instructor/Visiting Clinical Instructor – visiting appointments are for one year with a possible renewal of one additional year. Visiting faculty members typically teach up to 16 credit hours per term of instruction, though each department establishes a workload policy (Agreement 12.3; 12.4(B)).
College Lecturer – full-time teaching appointments made by the Dean, with Provost approval. These appointments are focused on teaching and service, may be renewed indefinitely, become eligible for AAUP membership after six (6) years, and include three ranks (these positions have different historical names including "term faculty") (Agreement 12.2(A-C)):
- College Lecturer – without a terminal degree
- College Associate Lecturer – with a terminal degree
- College Senior Lecturer - with a terminal degree
Research Faculty -- may be appointed to any department/school or college based on external funding. The function of Research Faculty members is to dedicate their full professional commitment to research (and associated educational activities) in their department and college, under the terms of the grant or contract which provides their support. They are not eligible for tenure, and are not members of the faculty collective bargaining unit. This is a new faculty category as of August 16, 2011.
c. Part-time/Adjunct Faculty
These appointments are made at the Department level, based on teaching or clinical knowledge expertise. The appointment titles are not used consistently across the Colleges, with some using "part-time", others "adjunct", and others "instructor". The commonality is that these appointments are made on a continuing basis (term to term), based on the Department's academic needs, and normally hired by the Chair or Director:
- Part-time or Adjunct Professor
- Part-time or Adjunct Associate Professor
- Part-time or Adjunct Assistant Professor
- Part-time or Adjunct Instructor
However, the "adjunct" title is earned in some Departments/Schools through recommendations of that units' Professional Review Committee (PRC) or its equivalent to the Department Chair/School Director, recommended by the College Dean, and appointed by the Provost (Bylaws 8.3.5(A)). Adjunct faculty members may be assigned, upon mutual agreement, teaching and research duties comparable to regular-status faculty, at the convenience of the University. Adjunct faculty members have the same right as regular-status faculty to attend appropriate faculty meetings. They may serve on faculty committees and vote in faculty meetings only if thus provided in relevant department/school/College bylaws (Bylaws 8.3.5(C)).