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Mathematicians use math theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and computer technology to solve problems in various fields, including basic sciences, engineering, computer science, economics, business, finance, and social sciences. The study of math is divided into pure (theoretical) mathematics, which involves discovering new mathematical principles and relationships, and applied mathematics, which involves the use of mathematics to solve practical problems. Statistics is a category in applied mathematics that involves data analysis.


Advances in technology have led to an increased demand for workers with knowledge of mathematics. Math graduates work in a broad range of positions in business, education and government. The most common areas of employment for mathematicians are in computer science and software development, engineering, operations research, actuarial analysis, financial analysis, statistics and teaching. The federal government employs many mathematicians. Bachelor graduates work in entry-level jobs in government, as software developers and programmers (with computer science experience), as actuarial analysts (with actuarial concentration), as budget and financial analysts, as secondary teachers (licensure required), and other areas. A master’s degree in math/statistics or a related field is required for research associates, statisticians, and operations research positions, which involve finding solutions in organizations for managing money, materials, inventory, scheduling, pricing, facilities, people, and other issues. A doctoral (Ph.D.) degree is required for high-level research positions in industry, government and medical facilities, in which math modeling/statistics is needed for solutions to complex problems. A Ph.D. is also required for university faculty positions, which involve teaching and directing research.

Visit CSU's Mathematics Department's website for more information


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  • Accountant
  • Contract Administrator 
  • Information Scientist 
  • Actuary
  • Cost Estimator/Analyst 
  • Inventory Control Spec.
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Cryptographer/Cryptologist 
  • Investment Banker 
  • Air Traffic Controller
  • Data Control Administrator 
  • ISO 2000 Specialist 
  • Applications Programmer
  • Data Processing Manager 
  • Market Research Analyst 
  • Applied Science Technologist
  • Database Manager 
  • Mathematician 
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Demographer 
  • Media Buyer 
  • Astronomer 
  • Econometrician 
  • Meteorologist 
  • Banking/Credit/Investment Manager
  • Economist 
  • Mortgage Researcher 
  • Biometrician/ Biostatistician 
  • EDP
  • Auditor 
  • Network Programmer 
  • Commodity Manager 
  • Employee Relations
  • Numerical Analyst Compensation/Benefits Adm Engineer 
  • Operations Research Analyst 
  • Computer Consultant 
  • Engineering Lab Technician 
  • Physicist 
  • Computer Engineer 
  • Environmental Technologist
  • Pollution Meteorologist 
  • Computer Facilities Manager 


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Problem solving Organizational skills Numerical computation
Ability to analyze & interpret data Critical thinking Computer literacy
Logical thinking Team skills Efficient
Systemizing skills Advanced quantitative skills Testing skills


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