Mathematicians use math theory, computational techniques, algorithms, and computer technology to solve problems in various fields, including basic sciences, engineering, computer science, economics, business, finance, and social sciences. The study of math is divided into pure (theoretical) mathematics, which involves discovering new mathematical principles and relationships, and applied mathematics, which involves the use of mathematics to solve practical problems. Statistics is a category in applied mathematics that involves data analysis.
Advances in technology have led to an increased demand for workers with knowledge of mathematics. Math graduates work in a broad range of positions in business, education and government. The most common areas of employment for mathematicians are in computer science and software development, engineering, operations research, actuarial analysis, financial analysis, statistics and teaching. The federal government employs many mathematicians. Bachelor graduates work in entry-level jobs in government, as software developers and programmers (with computer science experience), as actuarial analysts (with actuarial concentration), as budget and financial analysts, as secondary teachers (licensure required), and other areas. A master’s degree in math/statistics or a related field is required for research associates, statisticians, and operations research positions, which involve finding solutions in organizations for managing money, materials, inventory, scheduling, pricing, facilities, people, and other issues. A doctoral (Ph.D.) degree is required for high-level research positions in industry, government and medical facilities, in which math modeling/statistics is needed for solutions to complex problems. A Ph.D. is also required for university faculty positions, which involve teaching and directing research.
Visit CSU's Mathematics Department's website for more information
|Problem solving||Organizational skills||Numerical computation|
|Ability to analyze & interpret data||Critical thinking||Computer literacy|
|Logical thinking||Team skills||Efficient|
|Systemizing skills||Advanced quantitative skills||Testing skills|