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Section II–Playing It Safe - Alcohol & Alcohol Safety

HealthyLife® Students' Self-Care Guide

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 Section II–Playing It Safe

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Alcohol & Alcohol Safety

Before drinking, think about its possible
consequences (e.g., academic and health problems, unsafe sex, assault,
injury, and even death). These consequences affect the person who drinks as
well as other students (whether they choose to drink or not) and the
community as a whole.
See
Effects of Alcohol in your Blood” below.

Effects of Alcohol in Your Blood

Alcohol is a central nervous system
depressant. How drinking affects your body and mind depends upon your blood
alcohol concentration (BAC). BAC is related to how much alcohol you drink in
a given period of time and your body weight.

% of Blood Alcohol
Concentration (BAC)

Body Weight Number of Drinks in Two Hours*
(lbs)  2 4 6  
8
 10
120 0.06 0.12 0.19 0.25 0.31
140 0.05 0.11 0.16 0.21 0.27
160 0.05 0.09 0.14 0.19 0.23
180 0.04 0.08 0.13 0.17 0.21
200 0.04 0.08 0.11 0.15 0.19

BAC

Effects
0.05% Relaxed state.
Judgment is not as sharp. Release of tension; carefree feeling.
0.08%** Inhibitions are
lessened.
0.10%** Movements and speech
are clumsy.
0.20% Very drunk. Can be
hard to understand. Emotions can be unstable. 100 times greater risk for
traffic accident.
0.40% Deep sleep. Hard to
wake up. Not able to make voluntary actions.
0.50% Can result in coma
and/or death
* 1 drink
equals 11/2 ounces 80-proof hard liquor, 12 ounces beer, or 5 ounces
wine.

** Some states use 0.08 as the lowest indicator of driving while
intoxicated. Some use 0.10.

Alcohol Poisoning

Call 9-1-1 for one or more of the following signs of alcohol
poisoning or combining alcohol and other drugs, such as sedatives or
tranquilizers. Act quickly. Alcohol poisoning can be fatal.

  • Unconsciousness. This means the person is hard to rouse and
    can’t be made aware of his or her surroundings. This can be brief,
    such as with fainting or blacking out. It can put a person into a
    coma.
  • No breathing or slow and shallow breathing. This means 10 or
    fewer breaths per minute or time lapses of more than 8 seconds
    between breaths.
  • Slow pulse rate (40 or fewer beats per minute)
  • Skin that is cold, clammy, and/or pale or blue in color

{Note: Before emergency care arrives, place the
person on his or her side with the knees bent, to prevent choking, if
he or she vomits. Loosen the person’s clothing around the neck and
check the mouth and back of the throat to see that nothing obstructs
the person’s breathing. Stay with the person.}

Alcohol Safety Tips

Choose substance-free housing, if
available and desired.
Be aware and think about the risks and
consequences of drinking, including getting arrested, getting sick,
contracting an STD, etc. One incident of alcohol use could cause you to
do something you will regret for the rest of your life. Alcohol plays a
part in most sexual assaults.
Don’t mix drinking with driving, drugs, or
operating machines. Doing so can be fatal. Designate a sober driver.
Don’t give in to peer pressure or drink
because “everyone else does it.” Not everyone drinks. Be with people who
drink non alcoholic beverages or ones that look like “drinks,” such as
non alcoholic beer in a glass. Also, it is better to get medical help
for a person who needs it instead of worrying about getting a friend in
trouble.
Drink alcohol only if you want to, and if
you do:
  • Know your limit and stick to it or don’t drink any alcohol.
  • Drink slowly. You are apt to drink less. Nurse one drink during a
    party. Take fake sips, if necessary. In reality, anything over two
    drinks does not increase the feeling of pleasure. Drinking too much
    leads to being unable to enjoy yourself.
  • Eat when you drink. Food helps to slow alcohol absorption.
  • Alternate an alcoholic beverage with a non alcoholic one. Use non
    alcohol or reduced alcohol beverages. Don’t drink distilled beverages
    straight. Dilute them. Use more and more mixer and less and less
    alcohol. After two drinks, your taste buds are dulled and you won’t be
    able to notice much difference.
  • Don’t participate in drinking contests and games.

For Information, Contact:

Emergency Medical Service (Call 9-1-1) if you suspect alcohol
poisoning or a drug overdose

Your school’s Student Health Service, Student Counseling Service, or
Alcohol and other Drug Program

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Helpline
800.ALCOHOL (252.6465)

Al-Anon Family Group Headquarters (includes Alateen)
888.4AL.ANON (425.2666)

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
National Drug Treatment Referral Routing Service

800.662.HELP (4357)

Facts on Tap Web site

Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
818.773.9999

National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information (NCADI)
800.729.6686


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6th edition. American Institute for Preventive Medicine
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December 08, 2005