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Section II–Playing It Safe - Testicular Self-Exam (TSE)

HealthyLife® Students' Self-Care Guide

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 Section II–Playing It Safe

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Testicular Self-Exam (TSE)

Cancer of the testicles, the primary male sex glands, is the most common
type of cancer in males aged 20 to 35.

To detect signs of testicular cancer, do a testicular self-exam (TSE) as
advised by your doctor or health care provider.

Doing a TSE is easy and takes only a few minutes.
  1. Stand in front of a mirror. Look for any swelling on the skin of
    the scrotum.
  2. Examine each testicle with both hands. Place the index and middle
    fingers underneath the testicle and the thumbs on top. Gently roll one
    then the other testicle between the thumbs and fingers. One testicle
    may be larger. This is normal. Examine for any lumps (usually painless
    and about the size of a pea) on each testicle.
  3. Find the epididymis (the comma-shaped cord behind the testicle).
    This may be tender to the touch. Examine it for lumps.
  4. Examine the vas deferens (the tubelike structure at the back of
    each testicle) for lumps.

Reasons to Contact Your Health Care Provider

A lump on a testicle, epididymis, or vas
deferens
An enlarged testicle
A heavy feeling, pain, or discomfort in
the testicle or scrotum or a change in the way the testicle feels
A dull ache in the lower abdomen or the
groin
A sudden collection of fluid in the
scrotum
Enlarged or tender breasts

These can be signs of cancer or other conditions. When found early,
testicular cancer is very curable. This is why a monthly TSE is very
important.

For Information, Contact:

Cancer Information Service
800.4.CANCER (422.6237)

The Testicular Cancer Resource
Center


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6th edition. American Institute for Preventive Medicine
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December 08, 2005